Climate protection and adaptation potential in bogs in Bavaria

Project duration 2019-2022

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Moors represent the entirety of the approx. 220,000 hectares of organic soils in Bavaria, peat soils are among the most climate-sensitive soils. On three percent of the area of Bavaria, they emit around five percent of all anthropogenic greenhouse gases. The German Advisory Council on Environmental Issues called for emissions from peatlands to be reduced by 80-95% by 2050 (SRU 2012). In the Climate Protection Plan 2050 (Federal Government 2016) and in the KliP 2050 Bavaria, measures for climate protection and adaptation on moors are highlighted. Through Bavarian renaturation programs (as part of KliP 2020 and 2050) and the renaturation measures of the Bavarian State Forests, around 6,000 hectares have already been renatured.

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KliMoBay project

The climate protection potential of the moors has recently become increasingly important. Bavaria has created the master plan "Moore in Bayern" in order to bundle all activities. In addition, a central goal of the Bavarian climate initiative is to reduce emissions from Bavaria's moors by at least a third by 2050. In order to achieve this goal and, if possible, exceed it, a comprehensive strategy is required which

  • created the technical basis for deriving climate protection and adaptation measures

  • Knowledge gaps identified

  • Spaces of action prioritized

  • Shows climate protection and adaptation potentials scenario-based spatially, in terms of content and time until 2050 in Bavarian moors

  • A monitoring concept developed for the achievement of objectives

The results of the KliMoBay project will support the implementation of the Masterplan Moore in the central points.

In the project, all available previous measurements on greenhouse gases, water levels and vegetation in Bavarian moors are collated and processed with the aim of calculating the water levels and greenhouse gases from today to 2050 based on scenarios for all Bavarian moors. In addition, the KliMoBay project is developing the first full-area climate protection potential maps and adaptation potential maps, including an associated catalog of measures that is differentiated in terms of space, content and time, with a perspective up to 2050. Annual total-area emission maps are calculated using a model to monitor success.

The interdisciplinary character of this topic can only be dealt with comprehensively in the form of an interdisciplinary consortium and along a methodologically demanding, modular concept.

A major advantage of the interdisciplinary cooperation lies in the innovative breadth and mix of the consortium: it is enough

  • from greenhouse gas measurement to balance modeling,

  • from hydrological process understanding to agricultural practice,

  • of historical data and in-situ measurements for remote sensing for area data, the latest remote sensing methods and model approaches,

  • from strong scientific roots with an international reputation to a strong network in Bavarian politics and practice.

Overall, the project is divided into four sub-projects:

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Sub-projects

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Greenhouse gases & climate relevance

Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University of Applied Sciences (HSWT)

Institute for Ecology and Landscape

Professorship for Vegetation Ecology

Prof. Dr. Matthias Drösler

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Hydrology and water level maps

Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Chair for hydrology and river basin management
Prof. Dr. Markus Disse
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Soil information & subsidence monitoring

Bavarian State Institute for Agriculture (LfL)

Institute for Organic Agriculture, Soil Culture and Resource Conservation
Dr. Annette Freibauer
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Remote sensing and climate modeling

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Chair of Geography and Geographic Remote Sensing
Prof. Dr. Ralf Ludwig
 

Study areas / data collection

 
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Photos and graphics: Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University / Heta Meyer, Clarisse Brehier, Verena Kuch .......